September 10, 2020 By sparkportadmin Off

7-11 September is National Kidney Awareness Week where the importance of maintaining our kidneys is campaigned. This article will explore the role of kidneys in our bodies, the causes and risk factors of kidney failure/ kidney disease.

Kidneys play an important role in keeping our bodies regulated. Functions of the kidney include:

  • Removal of waste products from the body
  • Removal of drugs from the body
  • Balances bodily fluids
  • Releases hormones that regulate blood pressure
  • Produces Vitamin D that contributes to strong and healthy bones
  • Controls the production of red blood cells


Chronic kidney disease occurs when the kidneys in an individual’s body have an abnormality. Abnormalities or “markers” could be when there is protein in the urine or malfunction in the kidneys for a period of time. Causes of a chronic kidney disease include:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Kidney stones, etc.


The causes of kidney disease listed above are prompted by:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Family history of kidney disease, etc.


Health experts advise that when taking over the counter pain medication, it is important to not overdose, as that could be a risk factor to kidney failure. Experts also advise that maintaining a healthy diet and maintaining a good body weight reduces the risk of kidney failure. One of the main key factors on preventing kidney disease is smoking. Smoking is the highest risk factor because contents of a cigarette can damage the rest of your body, not just the kidneys. Lastly, experts advise that medical conditions that can lead to kidney failure should be discussed with the doctor for medication purposes.

Kidneys are important organs that help regulating our bodies. Therefore, they need to be looked after by drinking water and keeping away from risk factors that could lead to kidney disease.