WORLD AIDS DAY

December 3, 2020 By sparkportadmin 1

The Changing Perception And Reality Of HIV/AIDS Today | WVXU

Image sourced:www.wvxu.org

World AIDS day, commemorated on the 1st December 2020, is a day to raise awareness on AIDS and encourage people to practice safe sex, be monogamous and know their status. This article will explore and explain HIV/ AIDS, explain the 2020 theme and expand on generic information on HIV/AIDS.

According to healthline.com, HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. HIV can be contracted through bodily fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal and rectal fluids and breast milk. Healthline.com explains that HIV inserts itself in the DNA of the body, therefore, there has been no cure to dimmish it completely. However, there is medication called antiretroviral therapy (ARV’s) that target and block the virus from repeating itself and multiplying in the body and help to protect the immune system. Symptoms of HIV include but not limited to:

  • Fever chills
  • Rash
  • Night sweats
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes, etc.

HIV cannot be cured; however, it can be treated to minimize the damage in the immune system. HIV is treated through antiretrovirals (ARV) treatment. The ARV’s help to minimize the risk of development to AIDS. To avoid contracting the virus, safe sex must be practiced, and avoiding touching people’s blood without the use of gloves.

From untreated HIV, AIDS then develops in about 8-10 years of untreated HIV infection. According to Mayoclinic, when an individual has AIDS, opportunistic diseases or cancer are likely to occur. The article explains that these diseases or illnesses, are those that don’t usually make a person ill. The signs of AIDS include but not limited to:

  • Sweats
  • Recurring fever
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Skin rashes or lumps, etc.

AIDS stands for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is the advanced stage of the human immunodeficiency virus commonly known as HIV. This year’s theme for World AIDS day according to the South African Health Department of KZN is ‘We’re in this together, Cheka Impilo”. The department article stated that the motivation behind this theme is that it challenges individuals to make responsible health choices. It is of utmost importance that it is understood how HIV/AIDS can be contracted and the effect it has on the immune system.

According to healthline.com, HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. HIV can be contracted through bodily fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal and rectal fluids and breast milk. Healthline.com explains that HIV inserts itself in the DNA of the body, therefore, there has been no cure to dimmish it completely. However, there is medication called antiretroviral therapy (ARV’s) that target and block the virus from repeating itself and multiplying in the body and help to protect the immune system. Symptoms of HIV include but not limited to:

  • Fever chills
  • Rash
  • Night sweats
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes, etc.
  • Skin rashes or lumps, etc

 

 

As South Africa commemorates World AIDS day with the theme “We’re in this together, Cheka Impilo”, it is important to remember that all precautions need to be taken and testing is encouraged. Free self-screening kits are now available at pharmacies to screen at home. World AIDS day is a reminder that individuals should be in monogamous relationships and test regularly if sexually active.

Sources:

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids/symptoms-causes/syc-20373524

www.hiv.org